Windows PowerShell v1.0: TFM, 2nd Edition

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You want to see what it can do! You want to see if the authors will end every sentence with an exclamation point! It will not install on Windows or anything older.

Framework First First, you need to make sure you have v2. NET Framework installed. NET folder. NET Framework runtime for v2. Be sure to download the right build! The installer will install not only PowerShell itself, but also the documentation provided by Microsoft.

Windows PowerShell V TFM, 2nd Edition by Don Jones, Jeffery Hicks -

Customizing the Shell By default, the shell uses a blue background and white text. By clicking the control box in the upperleft corner of the window , you can select Properties to modify the font, the colors, and even the window size. For the window size, you can control the physical size—that is, how many lines tall and how many columns wide the window is. You can also control the buffer, which is how many lines and columns actually exist.

Take a moment to tweak the shell to meet your liking—the wider the window, the better!


Notice that you can use forward or backward slashes in paths! Commands like Type and More also work fine. Try a few now to convince yourself. PowerShell exposes your registry, your certificate store, and other forms of storage as if they were disks. You can use all the familiar disk commands to change keys, delete keys, and so forth. Just run Help command or, as we mentioned, Man command to get help on any command. When asking for help, the default screen is pretty concise. Stop-Service and Start-Service provide control over those services.

Yes, it will probably take a few minutes to finish running! Then run Kill -name Notepad to kill the process. Not sure what Get-EventLog does? Use Help to find out. Wondering what other things you can do with event logs? Running a script and want to stop? PowerShell has a lot of built-in commands that perform useful tasks.

Always remember to use Help to discover more about what PowerShell can do, and to learn how a particular command works.

Windows PowerShell V1.0: TFM, 2nd Edition

Instead, they work with rich, fully-functional objects. We got a collection of all the services by using Get-Service, and then piped those to Where. The Where command passed along all those with a Status of Running, and dropped everything else. Finally, Format-Wide reformatted the results into a wide list of just the service names.

Want to see which processes on your computer have the largest memory working set? We then asked Select to just grab the name and working set information, and then used Format-Table to format the information into an automatically-sized set of columns—a table, in other words. Hopefully, these few pages have given you a peek at what you can do with this new shell, and the entire rest of this book will be devoted to expanding upon and explaining those capabilities.

Part II is all about scripting, although most of these topics can also be used directly from the command line.

Part III is a collection of real-world administrative examples for various tasks. Finally, Part IV dives into more advanced topics, like working directly with the. NET Framework, working with databases, building a graphical user interface, and more. PowerShell, however, is a true shell that is uniquely designed for the complex Windows operating system and the various server products—such as Exchange Server and the System Center family—that we all use every day.

Windows, however, has always been different. When a Microsoft product group sat down to develop a new feature—say, the Windows DNS Server software—they had certain tasks that were simply required. First and foremost, of course, was the actual product functionality—such as the DNS Server service, the bit of the software that actually performs as a DNS server.

Download Windows Powershell V1.0: Tfm, 2Nd Edition

Not that graphical interfaces are bad, mind you. Windows PowerShell is now a part of the Windows Common Engineering Criteria, and it occupies a similar position of importance with product groups outside the Windows operating system. Now, administrative functionality is built in Windows PowerShell first. Any other form of administration, including graphical consoles, utilizes the Windows PowerShell-based functionality. PowerShell is now the single source for administrative functionality; as it is a command-line interface, that means every piece of functionality can potentially be scripted or automated!

Of course, only new Microsoft products conform to this vision. But the next version of Windows will have to be built on PowerShell. A change, we might add, that we feel is definitely for the better. These are special mini-applications written in a. Cmdlets are named according to a consistent, documented standard created by Microsoft. All cmdlet names are constructed of a verb, such as get or set, and a noun, such as service or process.


Nouns are always singular; even though Get-Process returns all running processes, the noun is still the singular process. PowerShell comes with about cmdlets built-in, including ones that work with services, permissions, 26 Windows PowerShell Architecture and Overview processes, WMI, and more.

Exchange Server , for example, snaps in about or so additional cmdlets, which handle Exchange administration tasks. Parameters Like the command-line utilities you may have used in the past, PowerShell cmdlets often support a number of parameters. For example, both the Get-Content and Set-Content cmdlets allow you to specify a path—such as a file path—and so both use the same parameter name, -path, for that parameter.

PowerShell uses spaces as parameter delimiters. For example, when retrieving a list of files from a folder, you can specify a parameter that causes the cmdlet to recurse subfolders. PowerShell comes with a number of predefined aliases that can make typing faster. Also notice that we aliased an external command! Therefore, you can create an alias for it. Consider this: ps? Even punctuation marks like? In the first version of PowerShell, aliases are limited to providing a shorter, alternate name. Built-in Help Microsoft ships PowerShell with extensive help for all of the built-in cmdlets.

PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC) How-To for Beginners (Push Model)

Use parameters like -full, -detailed, or -example to get full help, moderately detailed help, or command examples, when available. In addition to cmdlet help, PowerShell includes a number of topic-oriented help files. Want to know more about associative arrays? We suggest that you go to www. Object Oriented Perhaps the most important part of Windows PowerShell—and for us, the toughest concept to grasp when we first started—is that PowerShell is completely object oriented.

Almost all PowerShell cmdlets deal with objects.